When children do not have the option of remaining with their birth families, other approaches must be taken to prevent them from entering or remaining in orphanages. These resources begin to explore the circumstances in which kinship care, foster care and adoption might be appropriate and factors that should be considered in these situations.
The Better Care Toolkit The Better Care Network
This Toolkit consists of guidelines and manuals structured around five areas: Developing an Informed National Strategy; Standards and Policies for Quality Alternative Care; Individual Assessments, Care Planning and Family Reunification; Supporting Children in Care, their Families, and Alternative Caregivers; and Protection and Care in Emergencies.
Alternative Care in Emergencies Toolkit is an initiative of the Interagency Working Group on Unaccompanied and Separated Children which includes UNICEF, UNHCR, ICRC, Save the Children, IRC, and World Vision. The tools and guidance in this resource are designed to facilitate the process of planning and implementing interim care and related services for children separated from or unable to live with their families during an emergency
Friends in Need: A Handbook for the Care of Orphans in the Community Marion Derbyshire, A Viva Network Publication, 2002
Called to Care Toolkit, Parenting: A Journey of Love Fulata Lusungu Moyo, 2011
Care of Orphans: Fostering Interventions for Children Whose Parents Die of AIDS in Ghana Alice A. Ansah-Koi, 2007
Early Childhood Matters: Children Without Parental Care: Qualitative Alternatives Teresa Moreno and Jan van Dongen (eds.), 2005
Video: Praise’s Story Child’s I Foundation, 2016
Transitioning from Orphanages to Families
Replicable Models for Transition to Family-Based Care Christian Alliance for Orphans, 2015
Permanency for Children: The Development of the BCS Global Foster-to-Adopt Pilot Project in Ethiopia Bethany Christian Services Global, LLC, 2013
Video: Ethiopia Foster to Adopt Program
Moving Young Children from Institutions to Family-based Care Centre for Forensic and Family Psychology, University of Birmingham, 2007.
Transforming Orphanage Care: A Case Example in Zimbabwe Devi Dee, 2004
Community Care or the Institution? Daphetone Siame, 2007
De-institutionalising and Transforming Children’s Services: A Guide to Good Practice Georgette Mulheir & Kevin Browne, 2007
Many of these resources are also available on the Better Care Network website. The Better Care Network offers a variety of additional resources on their website, including the Library of Documents, with over 2,000 resources including research, policy and program resources related to the care and protection of vulnerable children. The library is searchable by region, country or specific topics.
When children do not have the option of remaining with their birth families, other approaches must be taken to prevent them from entering or remaining in orphanages.